History of Moroccan Berbers Berber House 2021

History of Moroccan Berbers

Maybe it’s a little bit hard to believe, but the Berber history goes way back to the prehistoric times. They lived in northern Africa for more than 4000 years. They call themselves Berber, and were proud raiders who fought against many foreign invading forces such as Romans, Arabs and the French. Despite the many attempts of the Romans and Arabs to invade their region, the Berber managed to protect their own language and culture. You can even say that they were undisputed.

Berber language is more spoken than it is written. Although the language has its own writing system, it isn’t very much used.  And because of that, their history has been overlooked.

About the Berbers

Each civilization had its own name for the light skinned people that lived in North Africa. The ancient Greeks used to call them Libyans, while the romans called them Numbians, and Africans. But the Berber name was adopted by the Arabs.

Today, the country of Morocco is inhabited by two ethnic groups, the Berbers, and the Arabs, and while the Arabs live in the cities, most of the Berber people live in the mountains. But if you visit Morocco, don’t be surprised if you see the Berber people running small businesses inside the cities, it’s a very common thing there.

The main activities of the Berber people now are farming for the men and handicraft for the women like woofing rugs and making pottery, but in the early days they were famous of being nomads who used camels to cross the Sahara desert, and traders who established trading routes between the Sub-Saharan and West African regions. They used these routes to transfer goods to the Northern Moroccan cities from beyond the Sahara desert.

Tribes:

Morocco was inhabited by different Berber tribes. Among those tribes we can find the Darwaa Berbers who lived in the Daraa Valley. The Dades lived in the North East, The Mesgita, Zeri and Seddrat tribes were along the rivers of the North West, and the Ghomara lived in the Rif region.

Religion:

Nowadays, most of the Berber people are Muslims, but that wasn’t the case before the ninth century when all the Berbers were either Jewish or Christians. Their conversion to Islam was due to the Arabs’ invasion. After being conquered, the Berbers were forced to convert to Islam. Even though, up until the 1960s, a very large Berber Jewish population could be found in Morocco. And there were also Christians, but their numbers decreased dramatically due to immigration. Today, only a small number of these none-Muslim communities remain in Morocco.

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